Athletic activities are administered by the National Athletics Federation, which operates as a private entity and receives an annual government grant. Spanish athletes take part in national, European and international events, and made a strong contribution to Spain's sporting successes in the 1990s.
   In the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona the gold medal for the 1,500 metre race was won by Fermín Cacho, who had already made a name for himself as the Spanish national champion for that distance, and for coming second in the World Indoor Championships in Seville in 1991. In 1993 he came second in the World Championships at Stuttgart and in 1994 first in the European Championships in Helsinki. He won the silver medal in the 1996 Olympics and another silver in the World Championships at Athens in 1997, a race in which Reyes Estévez won the bronze. Another gold medal was won in the 1992 Olympics by Daniel Plaza in the 20 km walk, and bronze and silver medals in the 50 km walk were won by Valentín Massala in the 1996 Olympics and by García Bragado in the 1997 World Championships respectively. In 1995 Martín Fiz became world champion in the marathon and Abel Antón won the Berlin marathon in 1996. In the World Championships at Athens in 1997 Abel Antón won the gold, and Martín Fiz the silver, and the team was awarded the Prince of Asturias Prize for Sport for that year.
   The World Championships in 1999 take place in Seville in a newly constructed Olympic stadium.
   See also: sport and leisure

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

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